Book :: Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning
The author of this book, Christopher Michael Bishop, leads the renowned machine learning and perception group at Microsoft Research, and is considered one of the big guys in the machine learning industry. Personally, I believe this to be one of the best books to get started with machine learning if you have a strong mathematical background. Whereas ‘Machine Learning‘ from Tom M. Mitchell is the perfect introduction into machine learning if you are a computer scientist, this book is the perfect introduction into the field if you are a PhD candidate or a Mathematics major. ‘Pattern Classification‘ from Duda can probably be considered as a compromise between both.